Birth of a sector: Europe’s listed real estate revolution

30 Oct 2015

By Gillian Tiltman

For investors looking for value and a sector that remains in the middle stages of its economic cycle, the real estate securities market in Continental Europe may be worth a look.

To be sure, we could have said almost the same thing in 2012 or 2009 – aside from the ‘securities’ part. However, for investors who cannot hold ‘bricks and mortar’ in a portfolio, or who prefer the liquidity of listed exposure, that suggestion would have been essentially useless. Today, after major advances in Europe’s listed real estate market, things are very different. For the first time, having a genuinely global listed real estate portfolio is a realistic prospect.

We continue to believe there are compelling opportunities in the North American REIT market, which has a dividend yield of 4.1%1 as of August 31, 2015. In our view, select areas in Asia look attractive, too. And within Europe, currently we would also caution against being underweight the UK, where real estate fundamentals remain strong, and where we are seeing a number of quality companies – with mixed-use assets in iconic locations and demonstrated management strategies – that we believe are attractive for listed real estate portfolios throughout an economic cycle.

Nonetheless, we believe the UK real estate cycle as a whole should moderate in mid-2016, with the listed market’s prices anticipating this trend some months before, despite continued rental growth. In contrast, Continental European valuations have a lot of catching up to do and, in contrast to the US and UK, seem unlikely at this stage to see any headwinds from imminent monetary policy tightening. While the FTSE EPRA/NAREIT UK Index provided a dividend yield of just 2.6% at the end of August, the Developed Europe ex-UK Index yielded 3.4%.

What makes this especially noteworthy, however, is the nature of the opportunity in this cycle compared with previous ones.

A world transformed

Europe as a whole was a bit of a non-starter just a few years ago, with barely any companies to invest in outside the UK and Unibail Rodamco in France. This world is almost unrecognisable now.

The value opportunity in Continental European bricks and mortar three or four years ago led to demand for more listed opportunities, which in turn spurred a wave of IPOs.

Since 2013, there have been 45 European real estate company IPOs, worth a total of more than €13bn. Twenty-eight of those, representing an IPO value of €10bn, were Continental European listings. Of the 16 €300m-plus IPOs over that time, seven were seen in Spain and Ireland, including Merlin Properties, which now owns more than 900 commercial real estate assets on the Iberian peninsula, worth €3.4bn.

Birth of a sector

European Real Estate IPOs Since 2013 (€300m+)

Company Country IPO Size (€m)
BUWOG AG (Immofinanz) Germany 1,300.0
Merlin Properties* Spain 1,291.5
Kennedy Wilson Europe Real Est U.K. 1,223.1
LEG Immobilien AG Germany 1,165.2
ENTRA Norway 627.0
Pandox AB Sweden 599.6
Deutsche Annington Immobilien Germany 575.0
Hispania Activos Inmobiliarios Spain 550.0
ADO Properties Germany 456.5
Cairn Homes Ireland 440.0
Hemfosa Fastigheter AB Sweden 408.3
Lar Espana Real Estate Socimi* Spain 400.0
Hibernia REIT plc* Ireland 385.0
TLG Immobilien GmbH Germany 375.3
Axia Real Estate Socimi* Spain 360.0
Green REIT plc* Ireland 309.6

*Denotes Real Estate Investment Trust (REIT).
Source: Exane BNP Paribas.

The effect of these listings can be seen by looking at the EMEA ex-UK constituents from the FTSE EPRA/NAREIT Developed Index. As of the end of August, they account for 11% of that index and their market capitalization has doubled since the beginning of 2012, from €69.3bn to €141.5bn. Moreover, the regional composition of this group has changed markedly: France, which had been 45%, is just 23%; Germany has gone from 10% to 22%; the Netherlands has gone from 9% to 19%; Spain is up from less than 1% to 4%; and Ireland, which was not part of the Developed Index at all until March this year, represents 0.7% and almost €1bn of market cap.

We do not anticipate that 2016 will be a value opportunity like 2009 or 2012. Most of the low-hanging fruit had already been picked before this wave of new IPOs. Nonetheless, Ireland and Spain are still very interesting to us, and the cycle for Continental European commercial real estate has lagged the US and UK cycles significantly. For the first time, listed real estate investors can position themselves for the evolution in these cycles – and we believe they may want to consider doing so soon.

1Based on the FTSE EPRA/NAREIT North America Index.

Gillian Tiltman is portfolio manager, UK and Continental European real estate in the Real Estate Securities Group at Neuberger Berman

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